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Leadership – Describe Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) organizations

Describe Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) organizations
Training Support Package (TSP) for the Marine Battle Skills Test (BST)

TASK: Describe Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) organizations
CONDITION: Without the aid of references
STANDARD: Without omitting key components
ESTIMATED TIME TO TRAIN: 15 minutes
ESTIMATED TIME TO TEST: 5 minutes per Marine

PERFORMANCE STEPS:

1. Describe the acronym MAGTF and the four elements that comprise a MAGTF
2. Describe the four elements of a Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF)
3. Describe the four elements of a Marine Expeditionary Brigade (MEB)
4. Describe the four elements of a Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU)
5. Describe a Special Purpose MAGTF

REFERENCES:

1. MCDP 1-0 – Marine Corps Operations
2. MCO 3120.8 – Policy for the Organization of Fleet Marine Forces for Combat

SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS: NA

PERFORMANCE STEP 1: Describe the acronym MAGTF.

The Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) is the Marine Corps’ principle organization for the conduct of all missions across the range of military operations. MAGTFs are balanced, combined-arms forces with organic ground, aviation, and sustainment elements. The composition and size of a MAGTF can vary, but it always consists of the same four components.

1. Command Element (CE): Provides a single headquarters for command, control and coordination of the MAGTF. The CE is the brains and controlling agency of the MAGTF.

2. Ground Combat Element (GCE): May range in size from an infantry battalion to one or more divisions. It may include artillery, tanks, amphibious assault vehicles, reconnaissance teams, and combat engineer units.

3. Aviation Combat Element (ACE): May range in size from composite helicopter squadron, to one or more aircraft wings. It may include offensive air support, assault support, air reconnaissance, anti-air warfare, electronic warfare, and command and control.

4. Logistics Combat Element (LCE). May range in size from a MEU service support group to a Marine Logistics Group tailored to provide for the total range of logistics support, including supply, maintenance, engineer, and motor transport, medical and dental services.

PERFORMANCE STEP 2: Describe the four elements of a MEF.

The MEF is the largest and most powerful of the MAGTFs and is the principal Warfighting MAGTF in the active force structure. The nucleus of the MEF is built around at least one Marine Division with a supporting Marine Aircraft Wing, Marine Logistics Group, and a Command Element that exercises command and control of the entire MAGTF. The MEF is normally commanded by a Lieutenant General.

PERFORMANCE STEP 3: Describe the four elements of a Marine Expeditionary Brigade (MEB).

The MEB is mid-sized MAGTF. The nucleus of the MEB is a reinforced infantry regiment, with a supporting aircraft group, a Combat Logistics Regiment (CLR), and a Command Element. A Brigadier General normally commands the MEB. As an expeditionary force, it is capable of rapid deployment and employment via amphibious shipping, strategic airlift, marrying with Maritime Pre-positioned Force (MPF) assets, or any combination thereof.

PERFORMANCE STEP 4: Describe the four elements of a Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU).

The MEU is a MAGTF built around the nucleus of a reinforced infantry battalion landing team, a reinforced composite squadron, a task-organized logistics combat element, and command element. A MEU is commanded by a Colonel and is embarked aboard a Navy amphibious ready group (ARG). The ARG/MEU provides a continuous, forward naval presence in key regions to conduct steady-state security cooperation, military engagement, and deterrence, as well as immediate response to episodic crises and contingencies.

PERFORMANCE STEP 5: Describe a Special Purpose MAGTF.

When situations arise for which a MEU or other unit is either inappropriate or unavailable, a SPMAGTF is formed. It may be of any size, but normally no larger than a MEU – with tailored capabilities required to execute a particular mission. A SPMAGTF may deploy using commercial shipping or aircraft, inter-theater airlift, amphibious shipping, or organic Marine aviation. It is specially designed for specific missions such as crisis response, humanitarian assistance, or noncombatant evacuation.

Describe Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) organizations
Evaluation Checklist

EVALUATOR(S):
MARINE TRAINED:
DATE:
SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS: NA
EVALUATOR NOTE: Marines must answer or perform all the questions below without error in order to pass this event. The evaluator will guide the Marine being tested through the checklist by asking questions.
Performance Step Instructor Notes Pass or Remediate
1. Describe the acronym MAGTF. Marine should state MAGTF stands for Marine Air Ground Task Force.
2. Describe the four elements of a Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF).
Marine should state the four elements of the MEF are:
1. Command Element (CE)
2. Division is the Ground Combat Element (GCE)
3. Marine Air Wing (MAW) is the Aviation Combat Element (ACE)
4. Marine Logistics Group (MLG) is the Logistics Combat Element (LCE)
3. Describe the four elements of a Marine Expeditionary Brigade (MEB). Marine should state the four elements of the MEB are:
1. Command Element (CE)
2. Regiment is the GCE
3. Marine Air Group (MAG) is the ACE
4. Combat Logistics Regiment (CLR) is the LCE
4. Describe the four elements of a Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU).
Marine should state the four elements of the MEU are:
1. Command Element (CE)
2. Battalion Landing Team (BLT) is the GCE
3. Composite Squadron is the ACE
4. Combat Logistics Battalion (CLB) is the LCE
5. Describe a Special Purpose MAGTF.

Marine should state:
1. A SPMAGTF is formed when a MEU or other unit is either inappropriate or unavailable
2. It can be any size (normally no larger than a MEU)
3. Tailored capabilities required execute specific missions