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Leadership – Describe Rights as a POW

Describe the rights of a Prisoner of War (POW) 

Training Support Package (TSP) for the Marine Battle Skills Test (BST)

 

TASK: Describe your rights as a Prisoner of War (POW)

CONDITION: Without the aid of references. STANDARD: Without omitting key components.

ESTIMATED TIME TO TRAIN: 10 minutes

ESTIMATED TIME TO TEST: 2 minutes per Marine

 PERFORMANCE STEPS:

  1. Describe the origin of a POW rights
  2. Describe the purpose of a POW rights
  3. Describe the rights of a POW
SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS: NA
 REFERENCES:  MCRP 5-12.1A The Law of Land Warfare

 PERFORMANCE STEP 1: Describe the origin of a POW rights.

The rights of POWs are primarily derived from the 1949 Geneva Conventions.

PERFORMANCE STEP 2: Describe the purpose of a POW rights.

  1. Protecting both combats and non-combatants from unnecessary suffering.
  2. Safeguarding certain fundamental human rights of person who fall into the hands of the enemy.
  3. Facilitating the restoration of peace.

PERFORMANCE STEP 3: Describe the rights of a POW

POWs have twelve distinct rights:

  1.  A prisoner of war has the right to receive sanitary, protective housing and clothing.
  2. A prisoner of war has the right to receive a sufficient amount of food to sustain good
  3. A prisoner of war has the right to receive adequate medical care.
  4. A prisoner of war has the right to receive necessary facilities for proper hygiene.
  5. A prisoner of war has the right to practice religious faith.
  6. A prisoner of war has the right to keep personal property except weapons, military equipment, and military documents.
  7. A prisoner of war has the right to send and receive mail.
  8. A prisoner of war has the right to receive packages containing non-contraband items such as food and clothing, or educational, religious, and recreational materials.
  9. A prisoner of war has the right to select a fellow POW to represent him or herself.
  10. A prisoner of war has the right to receive humane treatment.
  11. A prisoner of war has the right to have a copy of the Geneva Convention and its annexes, including any special agreements, posted where it can be read. The Geneva Convention and its annexes, etc., must be written in the proper language and available upon request.
  12. A prisoner of war has the right to have a copy of all camp regulations, notices, orders, and publications about POW conduct posted where it can be read. Regulations, notices, etc. must be in the proper language for POWs to understand and available upon request.

 

Describe your rights as a Prisoner of War (POW)

Evaluation Checklist

 

EVALUATOR(S):

MARINE TRAINED:

DATE:

SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS: NA

EVALUATOR NOTE: Marines must answer or perform all the questions below without error in order to pass this event. The evaluator will guide the Marine being tested through the checklist by asking questions.

 

Performance Step Instructor Notes Pass or Remediate
1. Describe the origin of a POW’s rights.

 

The Marine should state POW rights are primarily derived from the 1979 Geneva Conventions.
2. Describe the purpose of a POW’s rights. The Marine should state two of the three purposes:

1.     Protect both combats and non-combatants from unnecessary suffering.

2.     Safeguard certain fundamental human rights of person who fall into the hands of the enemy.

3.     Facilitate the restoration of peace

3. Describe the rights of a POW. The Marine should state five of the twelve rights:

1.     Receive sanitary, protective housing and clothing.

2.     Receive a sufficient amount of food.

3.     Receive adequate medical care.

4.     Receive necessary facilities for proper hygiene.

5.     Right to practice religious faith.

6.     Right to keep personal property except weapons, military equipment, and military documents.

7.     Right to send and receive mail.

8.     Right to receive packages containing non-contraband items.

9.     Right to select a fellow POW to represent him or herself.

10.  Right to receive humane treatment.

11.  Right to have a copy of the Geneva Convention.

12.  Right to have a copy of all camp regulations, notices, orders, and publications about POW conduct.