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Leadership – Identify the historical significance of Marine Corps uniform items

 Identify the historical significance of Marine Corps uniform items

Training Support Package (TSP) for the Marine Battle Skills Test (BST)

 

 

TASK: Identify the historical significance of Marine Corps uniform items

CONDITION: Without the aid of references. STANDARD: Without omitting key components.

ESTIMATED TIME TO TRAIN: 10 minutes

ESTIMATED TIME TO TEST: 3 minutes per Marine

PERFORMANCE STEPS: 

  1. State the significance of the Marine Corps emblem.
  2. State the significance of the scarlet trouser
  3. State the significance of the quatrefoil.
  4. State the significance of the Mameluke
  5. State the significance of the NCO
  6. State the significance of the dress and service uniform buttons.
  7. State the significance of the French Fourragere.

REFERENCES: 

  1. MCO34G W/CH 1-5 – Marine Corps Uniform Regulations
  2. MCO3 – Flag Manual
  3. MILLET, ALLAN – SEMPER FIDELIS, The History of the United States Marine Corps

SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS: N/A

INSTRUCTOR NOTE:

For the purposes of testing and evaluation have the Marine answer all the questions listed above.

PERFORMANCE STEP 1State the significance of the Marine Corps emblem.

Marine Corps Emblem: During the post-civil war period in 1868, the seventh Commandant, Brigadier General Jacob Zeilin appointed a board “to decide and report upon the various devices of cap ornaments of the Marine Corps.”  On November 13, 1868, the board recommended the modern emblem consisting of an eagle with spread wings sitting on top of a globe of the Western Hemisphere with an anchor in the background.  The emblem was approved four days later. What the Eagle, Globe and Anchor represent:

  1. The eagle symbolizes the
  1. The globe symbolizes worldwide
  1. The anchor symbolizes naval

PERFORMANCE STEP 2State the significance of the scarlet trouser stripe.

The Scarlet Stripe: In the Battle of Chapultepec, 90% of the Marine Officers and Noncommissioned Officers were casualties. Thirteen of the twenty-three Marine Officers participating in this battle were decorated for bravery.  The scarlet stripe, or “blood stripe”, worn today on the blue dress trousers, not only commemorates all the officers and noncommissioned officer casualties at the Battle of Chapultepec, but all Marines who have fallen in defense of our country.

PERFORMANCE STEP 3State the significance of the quatrefoil.

Quatrefoil: One of the traditions, which evolved from the late 1700’s and early 1800’s, was the use of the quatrefoil.  It enabled sharp shooting Marines in the riggings of sailing ships to distinguish between friend and foe.  Marine boarding parties attached a cross designed piece of rope to the top of their covers.  From this evolved the French designed quatrefoil.

Today the cross-shaped braid is worn on top of the officer’s barracks cover.

PERFORMANCE STEP 4:  State the significance of the Mameluke sword.

Mameluke Sword:  As a token of gratitude, during the First Barbary War, Prince Hamet presented a Mameluke sword to First Lieutenant O’Bannon.  A replica of that sword was adopted for use and carried by all Marine Officers.  The Mameluke Sword is the oldest weapon still in use today by any of the U.S. Armed Forces.  1stLt Presley O’Bannon’s attack on Derna, Tripoli was so epic that the phrase “To the Shores of Tripoli” was inscribed on the Marine Battle Colors and is part of the first line of the “Marine’s Hymn”.

PERFORMANCE STEP 5State the significance of the NCO sword.

NCO Sword: The Marine NCO sword was adopted in 1859 and is the second oldest weapon still in service in the United States Armed Forces.  The sixth Commandant, Colonel John Harris, bestowed the NCO Sword to NCOs and SNCOs in recognition of their leadership in combat.  Used for ceremonial purposes, but of more significance is the Marine NCO’s and SNCO’s are the only NCOs in any branch of the U.S. Armed Forces authorized to carry a sword.

PERFORMANCE STEP 6State the significance of the dress and service uniform buttons.

Dress uniform buttons:  The buttons on the Marine Corps Dress Service Uniform are the oldest military emblems still in use today.  The eagle and anchor was first used in 1804.  There are 13 stars on the buttons representing the original thirteen colonies.

PERFORMANCE STEP 7State the significance of the French Fourragere.

The French Fourragere:  In 1918, the 5th and 6th Marine Regiments fought heroically as part of the Marine Brigade of the American Expeditionary Force.  For the actions during the battles of Belleau Wood, Soissons, and Blanc Mont, the 5th and 6th Marine Regiments were awarded the French croix de guerre three times.  As a result, the members of 5th and 6th Marine Regiments are authorized to wear the French Fourragere while serving with the regiment.

 

 

 

Identify the historical significance of Marine Corps uniform items

Evaluation Checklist

 

 

EVALUATOR(S):

MARINE TRAINED:

DATE:

SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS: NA

EVALUATOR NOTE: Marines must answer or perform all the questions below without error in order to pass this event. The evaluator will guide the Marine being tested through the checklist by asking questions.

 

Performance Step Instructor Notes Pass or Remediate
1. State the significance of the Marine Corps emblem. Marine should state two of the following key facts:

1.     Adopted by BGen Jacob Zeilin in 1868.

2.     The eagle symbolizes the nation.

3.     The globe symbolizes worldwide service.

4.     The anchor symbolizes naval tradition.

 
2. State the significance of the scarlet trouser stripe.

 

Marine should state one of the following key facts:

1.     NCOs earned the stripe at the Battle of Chapultepec

2.     Commemorates all Marines who have fallen in defense of our country.

 
3.State the significance of the quatrefoil. Marine should state one of the following key facts:

1.     Enable sharp shooter in the riggings of sailing ships to distinguish friendly from foe.

2.     Design worn atop officer barracks cover.

 
4. State the significance of the Mameluke sword.

 

Marine should state one of the following key facts:

1.     Awarded to 1stLt Presley O’Bannon for leading the attack on Derna, Tipoli

2.     Marine Officers today use and carried a replica of this sword.

 
5. State the significance of the NCO sword.

 

 

Marine should state one of the following key facts:

1.     Adopted in 1859 and is the second oldest weapon sill in service in the US.

2.     The Marine Corps is the only branch to authorize NCOs to carry a sword.

 
6. State the significance of the dress and service uniform buttons Marine should state one of the following key facts:

1.     The oldest military emblems still in use today

2.     The 13 stars on the buttons represent the original thirteen colonies.

 
7. State the significance of the French Fourragere.

 

Marine should state one of the following key facts:

1.     Worn by the 5th and 6th Marine Regiments.

2.     Earned in France for actions in WWI.

 

 

 Identify the historical significance of Marine Corps uniform items

Training Support Package (TSP) for the Marine Battle Skills Test (BST)