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BST Infantry Skills – Handle Detainees

Handle detainees

Training Support Package (TSP) for the Marine Battle Skills Test (BST)

 TASK: Handle detainees

CONDITION: Given rules of engagement, a detainee, capture tag (DD Form 2745), and flex cuffs or zip ties, and a service rifle or replica.

STANDARD: In accordance with the Rules of Engagement (ROEs) and the Laws of War.

ESTIMATED TIME TO TRAIN: 15 minutes

ESTIMATED TIME TO TEST: 5 minutes per Marine

PERFORMANCE STEPS: 
  1. Search the detainee
  2. Tag detainee and items collected
  3. Report detainee information to higher headquarters.
  4. Evacuate detainee
  5. Segregate detainee
  6. Safeguard detainee
REFERENCES: 
  1. MCRP 8-10B.8 – Marine Troop Leader’s Guide
  2. MCTP 10-10F – Military Police Operations

SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS: Rules of engagement, a detainee, capture tag (DD Form 2745), flex cuffs or zip ties and a service rifle or replica.

DETAINEE

A detainee can be classified as an enemy prisoner of war, or as any person who has engaged in wartime activities against the United States or its allies and has been captured by or surrendered to the custody of the United States or its allies.

  1. Surrender. Detainees may surrender and turn themselves into the military authorities of the United States or its allies.
  1. Capture. Detainees may be captured against their will by the military forces of the United States and its allies.
PROCESSING ENEMY PERSONNEL.
  1. The Acronym STRESS can be used as guidelines in processing detainees:

SEARCH

TAG

REPORT

EVACUATE

SEGREGATE

SAFEGUARD

PERFORMANCE STEP 1: Search the detainee.

Immediately upon capture, detainees must be disarmed and methodically searched for concealed weapons and for equipment and documents of intelligence value (unless the number of detainees captured, enemy action, or other circumstances make such a search impractical).  Until each detainee is searched, the responsible Marines must be particularly alert to prevent the use of concealed weapons or destruction of documents or equipment.
Types Of Search. The three types of searches are the hasty, detailed, and strip search.

  1. Hasty Search. At a minimum, a hasty search must be executed in order to disarm all detainees. It is a thorough pat down of the detainee’s entire body, checking all pockets and areas where the detainee could conceal weapons or documents. It is conducted only when time is limited.
  1. Detailed Search. A detailed search is similar to a hasty search, but in more detail. Search detainees thoroughly, checking for hidden pockets on the inside of the uniform, around belt area, and boots.

All detainees will be searched by search teams. Each team must consist of a cover Marine and a search Marine.

  1. Cover Marine. The cover Marine is responsible for protecting the search Marine. The cover Marine will always be at the ready with their weapons and will always have a clear shot of the detainee.  They should never let the searcher come between them and the detainee.  This may require that the cover Marine move around the detainee.  The cover Marine must attempt to maintain double arms distance from the search area during the entire search in order to prevent the detainee from attempting to disarm them.
  1. Search Marine. The search Marine is responsible for confiscating weapons, munitions, potential intelligence material, and providing first aid as required. They must execute the most complete search possible within the time available.

PERFORMANCE STEP 2: Tag detainee and items collected.

Detainees and their possessions are tagged using a Detainee Tag (DA Form 2745). There are three parts to the tag:

  1. Part A of the form is attached to the detainee by a lanyard or stapled to the uniform.
  1. Part B of the form is forwarded to the holding facility.
  1. Part C of the form is attached to the personal property, weapons, or documents taken from the detainee

PERFORMANCE STEP 3: Report detainee information to higher headquarters.

At a minimum the report should consist of the following:

  1. Who: The detainee’s name.
  2. What: The detainee was doing when captured.
  3. Where: 6 digit grid or land marks can be used.
  4. When: The time and date.
  5. Why: What made you take this person in custody

PERFORMANCE STEP 4: Evacuate detainee.

It is of utmost importance that the detainee be sent to the rear for processing and interrogation. Gaining intelligence in a timely manner is vital to a unit’s mission.  A speedy removal from the detainee’s familiar surroundings will lessen the likelihood of an attempted escape.

PERFORMANCE STEP 5: Segregate detainee.

The purpose for segregating the detainees helps prevent enemy leaders from organizing, giving support, and promoting escape efforts.  Personnel who appear to have the ability to influence others should be separated and not allowed to talk to other detainees.  Any communication between detainees may result in loss of intelligence opportunities. Enemy officers should be separated from enlisted; enemy staff NCOs should be separated from junior enlisted ranks.

PERFORMANCE STEP 6: Safeguard detainee.

Under all circumstances, detainees will receive humane treatment without distinction founded on race, nationality, religious belief, political opinions, or other similar criteria:

  1. The detainee may not be murdered, mutilated, tortured, degraded, or punished for alleged criminal acts without a previous judgment pronounced by a legally constituted court.
  1. Individuals, as well as capturing nations, are responsible for acts that are committed against detainees in violation of the Geneva Convention. Ensure detainees are protected from battlefield dangers, abuse, environmental hazards, and news media and photographers unless authorized by proper military authority.

 

Handle detainees

Evaluation Checklist

 

MARINE BEING EVALUATED:

EVALUATOR:

DATE:

SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS:  Rules of engagement, a detainee role-player, capture tag (DD Form 2745), flex cuffs, and a service rifle or replica

EVALUATOR NOTE: Marines must perform all the steps below without error in order to pass this event. The evaluator will guide the Marine through the checklist by asking questions and providing cues for the Marine.

 

Performance Step Instructor Notes Pass or Remediate
1. Search the detainee.

 

The Marine should preform one of the following searches based on time considerations:

1.     Hasty Search

2.     Detailed Search

2. Tag detainee and items collected.

 

The Marine should tag the detainee and items using a Detainee Tag (DA From 2745).

1.     Part A should be attached to the detainee by string or stapled to the uniform.

2.     Part B is forwarded to the holding facility.

3.     Part C is attached to the personal property, weapons, or documents taken from the detainee

3. Report detainee information to higher headquarters. The Marine should report the following:

1.     Who: The detainee’s name.

2.     What: The detainee was doing when captured.

3.     Where: 6 digit grid or land marks can be used.

4.     When: The time and date.

5.     Why: Actions that precipitated the detention.

4. Evacuate detainee. The Marine should understand that a rapid evacuation facilitates gaining intelligence in a timely manner.
5. Segregate detainee.

 

The Marine should understand that segregation prevents detainees from organization, giving support, and sharing information.
6. Safeguard detainee.

 

The Marine should understand that detainees will receive humane treatment throughout their detention.

 

Handle detainees

Training Support Package (TSP) for the Marine Battle Skills Test (BST)