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BST Infantry Skills — Perform weapons handling procedures with a service rifle

Perform weapons handling procedures with a service rifle

 Training Support Package (TSP) for the Marine Battle Skills Test (BST)

 

TASK: Perform weapons handling procedures with a service rifle

CONDITION: Given a service rifle, cartridge belt, magazine pouch, sling, (2) magazines, and 10 rounds of dummy ammunition

STANDARD: In accordance with the four safety rules

ESTIMATED TIME TO TRAIN: 15 minutes

ESTIMATED TIME TO EVALUATE: 10 minutes per Marine

PERFORMANCE STEPS:
  1. State and handle the weapon without violating the four safety rules
  2. Demonstrate the weapons transports
  3. Fill the magazines with ammunition
  4. Place the weapon in Condition 3
  5. Place the weapon in Condition 1
  6. Reload the weapon
  7. Place the weapon in Condition 4
  8. Empty the magazine
  9. Perform unknown Condition transfer
SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS: A service rifle, cartridge belt, magazine pouch, sling, two magazines with dummy ammunition.

PERFORMANCE STEP 1: State and handle the weapon without violating the four safety rules.

Rule 1: Treat every weapon as if it were loaded

Rule 2: Never point a weapon at anything you do not intend to shoot

Rule 3: Keep your finger straight and off the trigger until you are ready to fire

Rule 4: Keep weapon on safe until you intend to fire.

PERFORMANCE STEP 2:  Demonstrate the weapons transports.

Strong Side Sling Arms (Muzzle Up). This transport is used when contact with the enemy is unlikely. The steps to assume this transport are:

  1. Release the pistol grip of the rifle
  2. Lower the butt stock of the rifle and bring the rifle to a vertical position
  3. With the right hand, grasp the sling above the left forearm
  4. Guide the rifle around the right shoulder with the left hand and extend the right arm through the sling
  5. Place the sling on the right shoulder and apply downward pressure on the sling with the right hand to stabilize the rifle on the shoulder
  6. Release the hand guard

Weak Side Sling Arms (Muzzle Down). As with the strong side transport, this transport is used when enemy contact is unlikely.  This transport is used mainly in inclement weather to keep moisture out of the bore of the rifle.  The steps to assume this transport is:

  1. Release the pistol grip of the rifle
  2. Lower the butt stock of the rifle and bring the rifle to a vertical position
  3. Rotate the rifle outboard until the pistol grip is pointing toward the body
  4. Reach over the left forearm and grasp the sling with the right hand
  5. Rotate the muzzle down with the left hand while sliding the right hand up the sling. Place the sling on the left shoulder.
  6. Grasp the sling with the left hand and apply downward pressure to stabilize the rifle on the shoulder
  7. Release the hand guard

Cross Body Sling Arms (Muzzle Up or Down). The cross body transport is used when both hands are required for work, such as digging a fighting hole. The rifle is slung across the back with the muzzle up or down. Normally, the weapon will be carried with the muzzle down to prevent pointing the muzzle in an unsafe direction, unless the situation dictates otherwise.

PERFORMANCE STEP 3:  Fill a magazine.

Procedures for Filling the Magazine. The two methods for filling the magazine are by hand for loose rounds or with the magazine filler for stripper clips of ammunition.

By Hand

  1. Remove a magazine from the magazine pouch
  2. Place a round on top of the follower
  3. Press down on the round until the round is held between the follower and the feed lips of the magazine
  4. Repeat steps 1 and 2 until the desired number of rounds are inserted
  5. Tap the back of the magazine to ensure the rounds are seated against the back of the magazine

By Stripper Clip and Magazine Filler

  1. Remove a magazine from the magazine pouch
  2. Slide the magazine filler into place
  3. Place a ten-round stripper clip into the narrow portion of the magazine filler
  4. Using thumb pressure on the rear of the top cartridge, press down firmly until all ten rounds are below the feed lips of the magazine
  5. Remove the empty stripper clip while holding the magazine filler in place
  6. Repeat until the desired numbers of rounds are inserted
  7. Remove the magazine filler and retain it for future use
  8. Tap the back of the magazine to ensure the rounds are seated against the back of the magazine

PERFORMANCE STEP 4:  Place the weapon in Condition 3.

Condition 3 is accomplished when the weapon has the safety on, magazine inserted, chamber empty, bolt forward, and ejection port cover closed.

PERFORMANCE STEP 5:  Place the weapon in Condition 1.

Condition 1 is accomplished when the weapon has safety on, magazine inserted, round in chamber, bolt forward, and ejection port cover closed. 

PERFORMANCE STEP 6:  Reload the weapon.

To reload perform the following steps to take the rifle from Condition 4 to Condition 3:

  1. Ensure the rifle is on safe
  2. Withdraw a magazine from the magazine pouch
  3. Observe the magazine to ensure it is filled
  4. Fully insert the magazine into the magazine well and, without releasing the magazine, tug downward on the magazine to ensure it is seated
  5. Fasten the magazine pouch

PERFORMANCE STEP 7:  Place the weapon in Condition 4.

Condition 4 is accomplished when the weapon has safety on, magazine removed, chamber empty, bolt forward, and ejection port cover closed. 

PERFORMANCE STEP 8:  Empty the magazine.

There are two methods of emptying the magazine. Whichever method is used, it will be followed by securing the magazine in the magazine pouch and retrieving any loose rounds:

  1. By Hand. Using your thumb, push on the cartridge base of the top round, forcing it forward and out of the magazine. Continue this procedure until the magazine is empty.
  1. With Stripper Clip. With the front of the magazine parallel to the deck, press the second round in the magazine with a stripper clip, relieving the tension on the top round and allowing it to fall out of the magazine. Continue this procedure until the magazine is empty.

PERFORMANCE STEP 9:  Perform unknown condition transfer.

There are times when time or the tactical situation does not permit a show clear transfer of the service rifle.  The procedure is conducted when a Marine takes possession of a service rifle and the condition of the service rifle is unknown (e.g., a service rifle from a casualty).

To properly take charge of a Service rifle when its condition is unknown, the Marine must perform the following procedures:

  1. Ensure that the Service rifle is on safe
  2. Conduct a chamber check to determine or verify the condition of the weapon
  3. Remove the magazine and observe or verify that ammunition is present. If time permits, count the rounds

 

Perform Weapons Handling Procedures with a Service Rifle

Evaluation checklist

 

MARINE TRAINED:

EVALUATOR(S):

DATE:

SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS: A service rifle, cartridge belt, magazine pouch, sling, two magazines with dummy ammunition, and rifle cleaning gear.

EVALUATOR NOTE:  Marines must perform all the steps below without omitting key elements in order to pass this event.  The evaluator will guide the Marine through the checklist by asking questions.

Performance Step Instructor Notes Pass or Remediate
1. State the four safety rules. 1. Treat every weapon as if it were loaded

2. Never point a weapon at anything you do not   intend to shoot

3. Keep your finger straight and off the trigger until you are ready to fire

4. Keep weapon on safe until you intend to fire

 
2. Demonstrate the weapon transports. 1. Strong Side Sling Arms (Muzzle Up)

2. Weak Side Sling Arms (Muzzle Down)

3. Cross Body Sling Arms (Muzzle Up or Down)

 
3. Fill the magazines with ammunition. Marine should fill the magazines (5 dummy rounds each)  
4. Place the weapon in Condition 3. Safety on, magazine inserted, chamber empty, bolt forward and ejection port cover closed.  
5. Place the weapon in Condition 1. Safety on, magazine inserted, round in chamber, bolt forward, and ejection port cover closed.  
6. Reload the weapon. Did the Marine reload the weapon?

 

 
7. Place the weapon in Condition 4. Safety on, magazine removed, chamber empty, bolt forward, and ejection port cover closed.  
8. Empty the magazines. Marine should empty the magazines.  
9. Perform unknown condition transfer. 1. Ensure the service rifle is on safe.

2. Conduct a chamber check to determine/verify the condition of the weapon.

3. Remove the magazine and observe/verify that ammunition is present.

 

 

Perform weapons handling procedures with a service rifle

 Training Support Package (TSP) for the Marine Battle Skills Test (BST)