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BST Infantry Skills – Visually identify indicators of improvised explosive devices (IED)

Visually identify indicators of improvised explosive devices (IED)

 Training Support Package (TSP) for the Marine Battle Skills Test (BST)

 

TASK: Describe the visual indicators of improvised explosive devices (IED)

CONDITION: Without omitting key elements

STANDARD: To confirm presence and location of IEDs

ESTIMATED TIME TO TRAIN: 20 minutes

ESTIMATED TIME TO EVALUATE: 5 minutes per Marine

PERFORMANCE STEPS: 
  1. Describe visual indicators of a suspected emplaced IED
  2. Describe visual indicators of a suspected vehicle-borne IED (VBIED)
  3. Describe visual indicators of a suspected suicide vehicle-borne IED (SVBIED)
  4. Describe the visual indicators of a suspected person-borne IED (PBIED)
REFERENCES: 
  1. JIEDDTF 05-23 – Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization Tactics, Techniques and Procedures Handbook
  2. MCRP 10-10.1 – Countering Explosive Hazards
  3. MCTP 10-10C – MAGTF Counter-Improvised Explosive Device Operations
SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS: NA

PERFORMANCE STEP 1: Identify visual indicators of a suspected emplaced IED.

The primary indication of an IED will be a change in the environment (something new on the route that was not there yesterday).  Vigilant observation for these subtle indicators can increase the likelihood of IED detection by friendly forces before detonation.

1.   Locations
  1. Previous IED Sites
  2. Frequently Traveled and Predictable Routes
  3. Boundary Turnaround Points
  4. Under Bridges
  5. Culverts
  6. Sharp Turns/Choke Points/Blind Spots
  1. Unusual Behavior Patterns. Changes in community patterns, such as noticeably fewer people or vehicles in a normally busy area, open windows, or the absence of women or children.
  1. Videotaping. Videotaping ordinary activities or military actions.  Enemies using IEDs often digitally record their activities for use as recruitment or training tools.
  1. Suspicious Objects. Markers by the side of the road such as tires, rock piles, ribbon, or tape that may identify an IED location to the local population or serve as an aiming reference.  The enemy may leave behind visual indicators of an emplaced IED by accident or, in some cases, on purpose to inform the local population or for use as an aiming reference point.
  1. New or Out of Place Objects. Objects in an environment such as rocks, dirt piles, construction, dead animals, or trash.

PERFORMANCE STEP 2: Identify visual indicators of a suspected vehicle-borne IED (VBIED). 

  1. A VBIED is typically an abandoned vehicle placed in an area with the intent of causing the most These vehicles should be heavily scrutinized.
  2. Vehicles that are heavily weighted and sagging or with wires protruding
  3. Noticeable sagging of the vehicle
  4. An additional antenna for radio-controlled devices
  5. Darkened or covered windows
  6. Recent paining, new welding marks, or no license place on the vehicle
  7. Crudely covered holes made to hide explosives
  8. New tires, bolts, and screws on an old vehicle
  9. Signs of tampering, old scratches
  10. Areas rubbed clean
  11. Unusual components in factory compartments

PERFORMANCE STEP 3: Identify the visual indicators of a suspected suicide vehicle-borne IED (SVBIED) vehicle and driver.

  1. Ignoring orders to stop, attempting to circumvent a security checkpoint, or attempting to maneuver too close to coalition assets
  2. Security escort
  3. Unusual appearance of driver, clean-shaven, and have short haircuts
  4. Driving erratically; driving too slow or too fast
  5. Wearing inappropriate dress for the environment
  6. Identify signals from other vehicles or bystanders flashing lights as a warning
  7. Following a convoy for a long distance and then pulling to the roadside

PERFORMANCE STEP 4: Identify the visual indicators of a suspected person-borne IED (PBIED).

  1. Ignoring Orders. An individual who deliberately ignores orders to stop or attempts to circumvent a security checkpoint may be trying to maneuver into a position to cause the greatest number of
  2. Excessive Clothing. An individual wearing too much clothing for the prevailing weather conditions could be attempting to conceal a device.
  3. Suspicious Bulges. An individual with suspicious bulges in their clothing, carrying packages, bags, or wearing a satchel or backpack that could conceal an explosive device is suspect.
  4. Dead Man’s Switch. A device designed to detonate the PBIED if the carrier releases his grip or is incapacitated.

 

 Visually identify indicators of improvised explosive devices (IED)

Evaluation Checklist

MARINE TRAINED:

EVALUATOR(S):

DATE:

SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS: NA

EVALUATOR NOTE:  Marines must perform all the steps below without omitting key elements in order to pass this event.  The evaluator will guide the Marine through the checklist by asking questions.

Performance Step Instructor Notes Pass or Remediate
1. Describe visual indicators of a suspected emplaced IED. Marine should state three of the following indicators:

1.   Locations

2.   Unusual Behavior Patterns

3.   People Videotaping

4.   New or Out of Place Objects

5.   Suspicious Objects

2. Describe visual indicators of a suspected vehicle-borne IED (VBIED). Marine should state five of the following indicators:

1.   Vehicles that are heavily weighted and sagging or

with wires protruding

2.   Noticeable sagging of the vehicle

3.   An additional antenna for radio-controlled devices

4.   Darkened or covered windows

5.   Recent paining, new welding marks, or no license

place on the vehicle

6.   Crudely covered holes made to hide explosives

7.   New tires, bolts, and screws on an old vehicle

8.   Signs of tampering, old scratches

9.   Areas rubbed clean

10. Unusual components in factory compartments

3. Describe the visual indicators of a suspected suicide vehicle-borne IED (SVBIED) vehicle and driver. Marine should state four of the following indicators:

1.   Ignoring orders to stop, attempting to circumvent a

security checkpoint, or attempting to maneuver too close to coalition assets

2.   Security escort

3.   Unusual appearance, clean-shaven, and have short haircuts

4.   Driving erratically; driving too slow or too fast

5.   Wearing inappropriate dress for the environment

6.   Identify signals from other vehicles or bystanders flashing lights as a warning

7.   Following a convoy for a long distance and then pulling to  the roadside

4. Identify the visual indicators of a suspected person-borne IED (PBIED). Marine should state two of the following indicators:

1.   Ignoring Orders

2.   Excessive Clothing

3.   Suspicious Bulges

4.   Dead Man’s Switch

Visually identify indicators of improvised explosive devices (IED)

 Training Support Package (TSP) for the Marine Battle Skills Test (BST)